Hi everyone, hope everybody is doing fine. Today I am going to talk about a very important topic that I think a lot of people are not aware of. Acid attacks; also called acid throwing ,vitriol attack is a form of violent assault, involving the act of throwing acid or a similarly corrosive substance into the body of another “with the intention to disfigure, torture or kill” .This leads to burning them, damaging skin tissues, often exposing and sometimes dissolving the bones. Victims often succumb to their injuries.
1. As of 2013, the three Nations with the most noted incidence of Acid attacks were Bangladesh, India, and Combodia ranked 75th, 101st 104th respectively, out of 136 countries on the Global Gender Gab Index.
2. The most common types of acids which are used are sulfuric, nitric, hydrochloric acid, sodium hydroxide. These are even capable of melting the bones of the victims.
3. Today Acid attacks are reported in most parts of the world. Since the 1990’s Bangladesh has reported highest number of attacks and incidence rates for women with 3512 Bangladeshi people attacked between 1999 and 2013. I want to remind that these are the reported cases and a lot goes unreported.
4. This type of violence is most common in South Asian countries. The UK has one of the highest rates of Acid attacks per capita in the world. In 2016 there were over 601 acid attacks in the UK based on ASTI figures and 67 percent victims were male, but statistics from ASTI suggest that 80 percent of victims worldwide are women.
ACID ATTACKS IN INDIA
Acid attacks in India have a gender based reason. But unlike Bangladesh attack rates in India have been increasing in the past decade. From jan 2002 to 2010, 153 cases of acid assault were reported in Indian Print Media, with 174 cases in 2010.
But we are aware of the ground reality, there are numerous unreported ones. As per I have observed “Toxic Masculanity” is the major cause behind it. The reasons revealed by the victims that they either rejected sex favours or marriage proposals.
The accentuated cases of acid attacks are Sonali Mukherji’s case of 2003 and Laxmi Agrawal in 2005. Later a movie movie named ‘Chhappak’ was made based in the life of Miss laxmi Agarwal, starring Deepika padukone.
A controversial case in Bhagalpur came into lime light, where Police blinded 31 convicted individuals. The incidence was widely criticized by Human rights and later The Supreme Court ordered compensation for the violation of Human Rights. This reminds me of the movie ‘Gangaajal’ which features Ajay Devgan.
MENTALITY; WHAT MAKES PEOPLE TO DO THIS
I feel till now all of you might be thinking that what leads to acid attacks? What might be in perpetrator’s mind before committing this blatant crime. While I was reading about acid attacks in different countries, something that I found out that there was a different reason in a different region for such attacks. Let’s have a look at them, perhaps it might help us understand the mind of the criminals.
- Toxic Masculinity being the most prominent reason of all. That “If I can’t have you, no one shall”
- Racial molestation.
- Social, political and religious differences. Both males and females have been the victims.
- Attacks against Minorities.
- Revenge for refusal of sexual advance, proposals of marriage and demands for Dowry.
- Sexual jealousy and lust.
- Female students have had acid attacks for attending schools.
My question still remains the same: How can someone do this, and something brutal as acid attacks. But it is evident by the statistics that it’s happening, which is beyond belief for some. If you will closely observe the mentality of the attackers, you will able to figure it out that he/she doesn’t want to the kill the targeted persons, instead they want them to suffer, and force them to hide in a shell.
They want the survivors to never look at themselves as the way they looked before. They want them to believe that this is what they deserve and it’s the consequence of rejecting them.
Let’s look how strong our Indian Judicial system stands here.
As per the information I have gathered, for a very long time there were no proper laws to deal with acid attacks in our country.
Acid attacks were recently introduced as a separate offense under the Indian Penal code through Criminal (amendment) Act 2013.
Section 326A of Indian Penal code “ACID” includes any substance which has acidic or corrosive character or burning nature that is capable of causing bodily injury leading to scars, disfigurement and temporary and permanent disability.
Sec 326A lays down the punishment for acid attacks. The minimum punishment is 10 yrs imprisonment and extends up to life imprisonment.
Sec 326B lays down the punishment for attempted acid throwing. The minimum punishment is 5 yrs and extends up to 7 yrs.
Before the availability of acids were very easy but after the leading case of Laxmi Agarwal, Supreme Court has passed an order to but restrictions in the sale of acids. Supreme Court has completely prohibited the counter sale of acids.
Dealers can now sell the chemicals after the buyer shows a Government issued identity card and specify the cause of buying. These were all the factual part of the blog and there is second part too, please read it full. STAY TUNED.
written by – URJA RAI ‘OORJA’ firstname.lastname@example.org
IMROZ FARHAD NOOR is a co-founder and chief blogger of NEEROZ. He studied English Literature and Journalism. A number of articles, stories, short stories, poems have been published in reputed magazines and newspapers. He writes scripts for short movies, web series. He has been a radio announcer.He loves to read Psychology and Philosophy. He spends his spare time in drawing and playing basketball. He loves to travel. He speaks Hindi, English, and Urdu. ( learning Spanish ).